Sunday, May 24, 2020

Objectives Of Introducing Business Models In The Provision Of Public Services - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 850 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Narrative essay Level High school Did you like this example? Objectives of introducing business models in the provision of public services: * Provide better and improved services in the areas such as water supply management, water sanitation, solid waste management and electricity supply in the remote areas. * Improving the existing infrastructure * Providing affordable services to the masses * Providing timely services to the public to meet their demand Public private sector in Pakistan will focus on the following sectors: * Transport and logistics * Mass Urban Public Transport * Municipal Services * Small Scale Energy Projects Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Objectives Of Introducing Business Models In The Provision Of Public Services" essay for you Create order Pros: * Both the parties become able to pool in large resources for long term investment that would not be possible to carry out individually. * Transfer of the risk to the private sector. * Ensures effective and efficient delivery o services * Able to finance various infrastructure projects like road, railways, hospitals and school while utilizing the financial capacity of the private sector. * PPP helps to provide better quality and services at lower prices * Faster implementation of projects * Shift to the whole life cycle cost management of the project and private sector ensures the quality and maintenance of the asset under use. * Mutual understanding of public sector objectives * Promoting Non-commercial relationship, * pose low risk to municipality * increases Transparency and accountability * more available choices * Low transaction costs: administrative costs around 2% of projects * Possibility of reinvesting 100% of available financial res ources into the system * Long-term gain in capacity-building * local control over objectives, methods * Can involve local civil society, workforce * Partners which have benefitted from a PUP can become supporting partners to other cities Cons * General public have concerns about safety and asset performance because all the assets are controlled majorly by the private sector. * A poorly structured tender document, which may be a result of:  · lack of prior analysis in respect of project feasibility and risk allocation;  · lack of stakeholder consultation;  · bureaucratic inexperience and lack of quality expert advisers  · Bureaucratic corruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists);  · political interference or corruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists);  · A poorly developed bid evaluation methodology, which may be a result of:  · lack of prior analysis in respect of project feasibility and risk allocation;  · lack of stakeholder consultation;  · bureaucratic inexperience coupled with a lack of quality expert advice;  · Bureaucratic co rruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists);  · Political interference or corruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists); Poorly negotiated contractual arrangements, which may be a result of: ? Lack of commercial realism by the bureaucracy; ? Miscalculation of project risks by the private sector; ? Corruption or incompetence; ? Political interference; Political ineptitude and/or interference, leading to a lack of commitment and eventual abandonment or restructuring to reabsorb into the public sector; Civil protest, which may be a result of; ? Lack of stakeholder consultation when designing the project structure; ? Lack of appreciation of the political situation by bureaucrats when structuring the environmental/commercial/cost recovery aspects of the project. Poor contract management/ongoing monitoring, usually caus ed by: ? Lack of experience within government; ? Lack of resources applied to contract management; ? Lack of formal structure within government to monitor PPP contracts. Water sanitation, sewage system and its proper drainage has been a big problem in Pakistan and in many developing countries since ages. The contaminated water causes various water borne diseases and million of people die each year fro the various curable diseases just because of the poor quality of drinking water. These diseases include viral hepatitis, typhoid, cholera, dysentery and many other. The greater sewage plan was not needed but pushed by bureaucratic involvement of federal and provincial government. The case under discussion is also about water sanitation and sewerage system in Karachi. Although the project is best known for its community base, it has from the outset described itself as ‘working with government and expanding the model through ‘collaboration with state agencie s†. About 370 gallons of untreated solid waste has been dumped into the Karachi sea water, as a result sea life is being polluted near sea shore. All the industrial and domestic sewage is being disposed off there. Although underground sewage line exist but due to lack of its extension with ever increasing urban development people are force to connect their sewage line to the natural water drains. Over 90% houses have connected themselves to the Government Sewage system illegally and over 82% have installed sewage pipes at their own expenses. In order to over come the sewage problem Government has started the Greater Karachi Sewage Plan that has been funded by Asian Development Bank. Under this plan, Karachi Water and Sewerage Board is in debt of about Rs. 42 billion which the Public of Karachi will ultimately have to pay. This plan has been questioned by OPP-RTI continuously since 1997 and has been proposed alternatives that are more cost effective. The Greater Karachi s ewage plan was profoundly criticize because it fails to incorporate the sewage system that was previously installed by various NGOs and does not provide an integrated sewage plan that provides solution for over all sanitation of the Karachi.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Should Juveniles Be Tried as Adults Essay - 867 Words

Samantha Panek Dr. Lennie Irvin English 1301-279 April 29, 2012 Should Juveniles be tried as Adults? There are many controversies that surround juveniles being rehabilitated rather than going through the adult justice system, but studies show that juveniles are not fully developed to be tried as an adult. One of the main questions that it always boils down to is â€Å"should juveniles be tried as adults?† in my opinion juveniles should not be tried as adults because of their age. First, I believe that juveniles should not be tried as adults because their mentalities are not fully developed. Children are often unable to consider the long term consequences of their actions, have difficulty taking the perspective of others, and typically have†¦show more content†¦If we simply send juveniles through the adult justice system it might make them worse individuals. For instance, since their minds are still growing, by being around worse criminals they may pick on their criminal traits. Some juveniles that went through traumatic experiences which led to their sentencing will be able to get to the roots of their issues, since the counselors will be there to guide them. Finally, I believe that by being rehabilitated the juvenile will have a better chance at life because eventually they will be back in society. Juveniles that go through the rehabilitation process will be able to have a clean record after they reach 18, where as the exact opposite if they went through the adult justice system. When they get out, they will have adult criminal records that aren’t erased. (The New York Times p.28) Once the rehabilitated juveniles are released, they will be able to start a new life. Juveniles will be able to get a job and maybe earn a degree for a specific profession without being viewed a criminal. Since the juvenile will have gone through rehabilitation they will have a different perception on life, and will also understand that for every action there is a reaction. They will make smarter choices and hopefully not want to return to the lifestyle In conclusion I feel that by not trying juveniles as adults it is a better outcome for the child and society. We are also giving the juvenile a second chance at the future that everyoneShow MoreRelatedShould Juveniles Be Tried as Adults?1017 Words   |  4 Pagesto be growing up earlier as the years go by. Serious crimes committed by juveniles have stayed pretty much the same in the last twenty years, but that is not to say people have not concluded differently. A thanks to laws passed in the ninety’s and more specifically between ninety two and ninety seven, It is easier to try juveniles as adults in the court system. There are multiple pros and cons to juveniles being tried as adult. These arguments range from a crime is a crime to they are not mentallyRead MoreShould Juveniles be tried as Adults?2030 Words   |  9 Pagesï » ¿Running Head: SHOULD JUVENILES BE TRIED AS ADULTS? Should Juveniles be tried as Adults? Should Juveniles be Tried as Adults? The law states that any person under the age of 18 is classified to be a juvenile and when they commit a crime they are tried in the juvenile court system. Although this is true with most cases there are times when the state will allow youths under the age of 18 to be tried as adults. This differs from state to state as eachRead MoreShould Juveniles Be Tried As Adults?4864 Words   |  20 PagesShould juveniles be tried as adults? In my opinion I think they should because when you turn a certain age, you gain certain privileges. â€Å"You achieve certain rewards such as voting rights, the ability to purchase a house, the ability to purchase tobacco products at the local gas station, but most importantly the ability to be held responsible for your actions. When you turn 18 a whole other world opens for you, and that’s because an 18-year-old is considered an adult in nearly every state, whichRead MoreShould A Juvenile Be Tried As An Adult? Essay1884 Words   |  8 Pag esevery day in the United States. Each year thousands of juveniles under the age of 18 are arrested. The debate of â€Å"should a juvenile be tried as an adult† is one for the ages. Many would like to argue against the idea as they believe firmly in rehabilitation. But what happens when the crimes are so violent that the family is unable to recognize the victim or when the juvenile shows no remorse and then goes on to harm others. At what age should one be held accountable for their actions? At what ageRead MoreJuveniles Should Be Tried As Adults1964 Words   |  8 Pagescommit an adult crime then you should be charged as an adult as well. Teenagers should be tried as adults for the violent crimes that they commit. In today’s generation, there are a lot of crimes taking place. Adults aren’t the only ones that are committing the crimes, teenagers are as well. If you are old enough to do the crime, you are old enough to do the time. Juveniles should be responsible for their own actions and they should be held accountable for the decisions they make. Juveniles do violentRead MoreJuveniles Should Not Be Tried As Adults1497 Words   |  6 PagesWhether juveniles should be tried as adults in the justice system or not, has been an ongoing debate for many people. There has been many cases throughout time where people under the age of 18 have been tried as adults in the justice system. Information about this debate can be found in articles, novels, and podcasts. Typically people who are under the age of 18 are identified as a juvenile delinquent and go through different procedures after committing a crime. There is many examples and evidenceRead MoreJuveniles Should Not Be Tried As Adults1494 Words   |  6 Pages Juveniles should not be tried as adults because it is proven that children are incapable of making a rational, mature decision on their own. Adolescents have a shorter experience in the world, their brains are still developing, they do not have the same responsibilities or rights as adults and they are easily influenced at this age. Let s say a child around the age of twelve is playing with two other friends at his house. His mother and father both work constantly so these children are alone.Read MoreShould Juveniles Be Tried as Adults896 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion: Should juvenile offenders be tried and punished as adults? Claim: Juvenile offenders shouldn’t be tried and punished as adults. I. Introduction a. There has been a lot of controversy over the issue of if juveniles should be tired and punished as adults. II. Harsh Policies Do not work III. Adult Convictions Jeopardize Children’s Rights and Futures IV. Risks to Children’s Health V. These PoliciesRead MoreShould Juveniles Be Tried As Adults?2843 Words   |  12 PagesUnder most state laws, juvenile offenders do not commit crimes. They commit delinquent acts, some of which are acts that would constitute crimes if committed by an adult. The trial phase of a juvenile case is an adjudication hearing.(Should juveniles be tried as adults? (n.d.). Retrieved from This means that the judge listens to evidence presented and make the determination on whether the child is delinquent.The courtRead MoreShould Juvenile Be Tried As An Adult? Essay1887 Words   |  8 PagesA Juvenile Delinquent Heinous crimes are committed every day in the United States. Each year thousands of juveniles under the age of 18 are arrested. The debate of â€Å"should a juvenile be tried as an adult† is one of the ages. Many would like to argue against the idea as they believe firmly in rehabilitation. But what happens when the crimes are so violent the family is unable to recognize the victim, or when the juvenile shows no remorse and then goes on to harm others. At what age should one be

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sex and Violence in Romeo and Juliet Free Essays

â€Å"I fear this but a dream, too sweet to be substantial,† are the soft words uttered from star-crossed lovers caught in the chaotic instability that permeates Franco Zeffirilli’s Romeo and Juliet (1968), Baz Lurman’s Romeo + Juliet (1996), and John Madden’s Shakespear and Love (1998). Although there are significant differences in each movie’s portrayal of Juliet and her Romeo, they accurately depict Freud’s ideas concerning love and human tendencies. In â€Å"The Einstein-Freud Correspondence,† Freud explains that in nature, violence rules everywhere. We will write a custom essay sample on Sex and Violence in Romeo and Juliet or any similar topic only for you Order Now Einstein questions mankind’s lust for destruction and Freud affirms that man has two basic instincts: sex and violence. The constant state of instability and antagonism between humankind in nature makes peace unavoidable. In the case of Romeo and Juliet, love can attempt to rebel against the specter of war, but it is always beaten down. Tragically, Romeo and Juliet’s love is inextricably entwined with the aggression that plagues their feuding families. Both Romeo and Juliet try to fight the hostility with love, but all psychical acts (according to Freud) occur in an atmosphere of constraint, and the tension between one’s impulses, and what society will allow, creates an unavoidable instability. Each movie is an interesting interpretation of Shakespeare’s masterpiece; however, Zeffirilli’s Romeo and Juliet is the best representation of true love and human tendencies. Though extremely witty and entertaining, Madden’s Shakespeare in Love does not represent true love and human nature. One of Madden’s central devices is to create a background of events, large and small, drawn from Will Shakespeare’s daily life. For example, in the opening scenes Madden shows Will strolling through town hearing lines shouted out from town criers such as â€Å"a plague on both your houses! † Moreover, Madden poses Will as at a loss for inspiration. Hence, William gets the foundations of his next play (Romeo and Juliet) from a chance encounter with a rival poet. Madden’s use of time and space is key to the progression of Will’s character. The events in the queen’s quarters, the tensions between the two playhouses, and the auditions for Will’s new play set up the meeting for the beautiful Viola. Madden creates a real narrative outside the realm of the story of Romeo and Juliet which explains how the masterpiece came to be. For example, the battle between two playhouses, The Rose and The Curtain, is transformed into the feud between the two noble houses of Montague and Capulet in imaginary Verona. Another interesting theme is the idea of chaos. In numerous moments it seems all will be lost, but as Henslow says several times when asked how everything will work it, he answers, â€Å"I don’t know, it’s a mystery. † Among the chaos, Will’s love and inspiration for fair Viola is the fuel that keeps the fire burning. In other words, Romeo and Juliet’s modern adapters direct the spectator’s attention to what might have been the inspiration for Shakespeare’s work. Nevertheless, with love, comes violence (as mentioned above). What produces the lovers’ calamity is the depth of their feelings. The truth is, even in a world built on such unfavorable foundations, it should take much more to destroy love. William’s and Viola’s love, on the other hand, is not the best testament to true love. It proves much weaker than the civilization. In the final scenes, the queen decrees Viola leave with her husband. Society succeeds in oppressing their love without resistance. If their love were true, they would fight with every last breath to be together. Lurhman’s Romeo + Juliet, like Madden’s Shakespeare and Love, falls short of true love as well. Unlike Zeffirilli, Lurhman set out with the intention of making a modern day Romeo and Juliet with great success. He plays brilliantly with love in relation to time and nature. He toys with time in the opening gang warfare scene, playing the typical montage introduction of the players through a series of speedy zooms that isolate, in turn, the important characters on screen. His use of color and chaos is perfectly representative of Freud’s ideas concerning constant instability. Not only that, but his choice in music creates dramatic setting. The movie itself has numerous speed-up moments but is slowed down in critical scenes to allow viewers to soak up every bit of information. For example, the fight scene is particularly profound. Tasteful music backs the thunder, clouds, and darkness that envelope the screen as Mercutio dies. It is a perfect example of nature coming in and playing a role in the movie. Lurhman does an amazing job with his timing because he allows the viewer to slow down and soak every drop of the scene. One of the most important misreadings of Romeo + Juliet occurs during Mercutio’s Queen Mab speech. Normally interpreted as the drunken improvisation of a jesting wit in relation to dreams, here Mercutio is speaking about the drug ecstasy. Playing to modern times, Lurhman has Romeo take the ecstasy before heading to the Capulet ball. The meeting scene between Romeo and Juliet is thus overshadowed by the fact that Romeo has just taken a drug that inspires enormous amounts of pleasure. Consequently, the implication is that the relationship is founded on artificial feelings. One could argue that Romeo washes away the effects of the drugs in the sink prior to the Juliet-aquarium meeting, but ecstasy does not wear off that easily. True, the rest of the movie holds fast to the love tragedy that is Romeo and Juliet, but the drug-induced meeting is questionable in terms of true love. Finally, Zeffirilli’s old Romeo and Juliet is the best example of true love and human nature. Not to mention the style, dialogue, setting, costumes, and music in Zeffirilli’s version are closely related to the themes and feel of Shakespeare’s famous play. From the opening scenes, the viewer is taken into the old world and shown the incredible violence and resentment between the two houses. Within the first ten minutes, the viewers are given a picture of the impermeable violence similar to that which Einstein wished to stop in his correspondence with Freud. Perhaps love could settle the inherent violence that permeates human nature? In the case of Romeo and Juliet, there love cannot, but it is pure and true. The meeting scene between the lovers is one of absolute beauty. Romeo’s playful pursuit of Juliet is simple, yet elegant. The scene commences at the beginning of a serene song by a boy (incredible choice by Zeffirilli) leading up to the first act of aggression: Romeo’s hand touching Juliet’s. Although their love is forbidden by their family names, it continues to grow. Unfortunately, their time and space is limited and the constraint on their bond is too great. Their suffering is due to the fact that they do not understand what love can accomplish. Instead of uniting the families, they cause a fresh slice in an already open wound. However, the reason they never progress and mature in their love is because of the tragedies of civilization and the violence inherent in it (as mentioned above). Hatred among men rages without restraint, and for Romeo, it causes him to kill Tybalt, a newly made family member. Censored wishes of the â€Å"Id† arise up and transform Romeo when he says, â€Å"Take back the villain that thou gavest me, for fire, fury be my conduct now! † The exile and eventual plot to unite the forbidden lovers is thwarted again by time and space. Zeffirilli’s final scenes are wet with tragedy as Romeo passes the donkey on horseback, which has the letter explaining the father’s plan. Finally, Romeo is unable to live without his Juliet because his love for her is something more. She is a part of him and without her; he has no reason to continue breathing. The sum of one lover’s bliss is reliant on the life of his love. If he or she is dead and their love is true, then the lover has no choice but death. Both Einstein and Freud would agree that the Montagues and Capulets (in Zeffirilli’s and Lurman’s masterpieces) represent civilization and human kind’s natural form of aggressiveness. Juliet remarks after the potent â€Å"love-at-first-sight† scene in Romeo and Juliet, â€Å"my only love sprung from my only hate. † The brilliance of the two lovers’ story is the ancient hatred between their families. Conversely, the tragedy of them is that love connects the characters no more to happiness than it does to sorrow, turmoil and murder. Unfortunately, the two young lovers live under the illusion of physical freedom from the duties and constraints of their families/civilization. The hatred between the Montagues and Capulets is deep-rooted and rages on without restraint (much like society today). Romeo and Juliet’s love is eloquent and passionate but without solidity. It cannot hope to combat the aggression plaguing them. Freud states, â€Å"love is†¦best understood clinically as a response to stimuli† (Freud, 524). The issue is that the stimuli are too short lived. However, what is true love? It is the perpetual question that echoes through the corridors of time with answers always varying. Yet love has a correspondence with time. The way it begins, takes shape, and changes is relative to time and space. In each of the movies, the time and space of Romeo and Juliet’s love is portrayed in the background as apposed to the foreground. The visuals, music, and emotion strike at the subconscious, leaving the viewer in awe. Madden, Lurhman, and Zeffirilli create masterpieces that people desire and want to see. In conclusion, Freud would argue the lovers must understand that human consciousness exists in perpetual tension and instability. Not only that, but true love offers complete happiness to the lovers. In his lectures, Freud gives a poem from Goeth’s Westostlicher Diwan as an example of real love: So it is held, so well may be; But down a different track I come; Of all the bliss on earth hold for me I in Zuleika find the sum (Freud, 520). The lovers find the sum of all bliss in each other if their love is true. However, the power and sum of their love does not mean it can combat the nature of violence and society. Each film, respectively, depicts Freud’s ideas on true love and human nature. Though, human nature can be redefined as violence and aggression. Freedom is limited in each one of the Shakespearean films because the tension between one’s impulses and what society will allow creates an inevitable instability. Both Einstein and Freud would agree that try as the fiery lovers might, nature and violence of the instilled houses of Verona will stop there love from flourishing into something greater. How to cite Sex and Violence in Romeo and Juliet, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Comparing Different Ethnic Backgrounds †

Question: Discuss about the Comparing International Students From Three Very Different Ethnic Backgrounds What Most Influences? Answer: Aim of the Report The following literature review aims to compare the students belonging to the different ethnic backgrounds mainly from the Indian, Pakistani and the Vietnamese backgrounds and the factors that influence the decisions of the students regarding their choice of the course of study. Objectives of the Report The objective of the following literature review is to identify influences of the various factors on the following topics To select the proper educational destination as Australia To select the course to be studied in Australia To properly support the facts that is necessary to achieve the required success in the concerned field of the study To properly maintain the motivation that is required to gain success in the concerned field of knowledge and the reason for the maintenance of that motivation Industry Benefits The Australian education industry seems to be highly benefitting from the students who come in from the developing countries like India, Pakistan and Vietnam. There is noticed a huge increase in the revenue that is generated in the country due to the increase in the number of the students of foreign origin in the country. Australia has been turning into an education hub in the recent times with a number of students foreign to the land being interested in the courses of study that are being offered by the universities of Australia. The objective of this literature review is to study the main factors that influence the decisions of the students on the factors regarding the selection of the destination and the topic of the study for pursuing their education abroad. The literature review also sheds light on the support that is needed to achieve the needed success in the selected course of study and the maintenance of the motivation that is needed to achieve in the selected subject matter that is to be studied and the reasons that makes it necessary for the maintenance of that motivation. A considerable amount of studies has been conducted on the educational backgrounds of the students in Australia who have been pursuing their higher studies (Devlin, 2013). Smit (2012) argues that there has been a tendency to look down upon the earlier experiences in the field of education in a manner that demonstrates them to be in a deficit framework. According to Hawthorne (2014), India has been one of the one of the top ten countries which act as the sources of GSM in Australia. The number of Indian students that have migrated to Australia for educational purposes have been considerably high. According to the 2006 Census, there have been 49, 106 students of Indian origin who had migrated to the Australian shores for the purpose of education and employment. The Australian government had brought about changes in its programs that were related to the migration of the skilled personnel to Australia. A review revealed that the revenue generated by the enrolment of the foreign students helped the generation of the overall revenue of the country to grow up to $A18 billion every year. The Australian Government Education market has often described India as one of the major sources of the international students who have accounted for almost 11,684 students. The students of the Pakistani nationality account for 3762 student enrolments (Catterall, Aitchison and Rolls 2016). According to the report of the Australian embassy situated in Vietnam, Australia tops the list of the preferred country for pursuing the higher education among the Vietnamese population. Australia is known to provide a higher quality of education at all levels starting from the school level to the levels of higher education as well as the short term courses ( 2017). It is often argued that the homogeneity of pedagogy and the curricula owe a lot to the contribution of the neoliberal discourses of managerialism, uniformity and accountability (Neoh 2017).It may also, however, be opined that the differences in the perceptions of the students who belong to various cultural backgrounds may help to bring about a curriculum that may be more inclusive, internationalized and differentiated (Song 2014). The international students are treated to be a part of the same homogeneous group who are differentiated on the basis of the language that they speak. The international students are also differentiated on the basis of their academic performance as compared to the students who converse in the western academic style of speaking of the English Language. According to Marginson (2015), the higher education institutions that are constrained financially depend heavily on the international student market to boost their financial viabilities. The students who are ad mitted to these colleges are likely to get acquainted with the aspects of the disciplinary and the academic cultures of the Occident (Floyd 2015; Benzie 2015). The students belonging to the other countries except Australia need to have more than just the knowledge of the linguistic barriers that exist between them and their native peers (Wingate and Tribble 2012). Zevallos (2012) argues that the Australian universities depend upon the international students, who are enrolled to the courses offered by the concerned universities, for their procurement of revenue but fail to address the special learning needs of these students. Thus these students find it difficult to secure a job for themselves in their respective fields of study after graduating from these educational institutions. According to Dao and Thorpe (2015), the major factors that influence the decisions of the students on the choice of the international universities include the services and the facilities that are offered by the concerned university, the programs offered, the information regarding the concerned institution that is available in both the online and the offline mode of information and other such factors. According to Pham and Tran (2015), the intercultural interaction between the students plays a very important role in the wellbeing and the learning of the international students in the country where the chosen educational institution is situated. According to De Wit (2015), it has been a recent trend among the Australian educational institutes to introduce the out of the sate fee structure for the international students on the campus. The international students who have been faring well in their academic careers are also being offered employment in the host country thereby resulting in a brain drain of the country to which the international students belong. The international students do evolve their identities based on the social network circles in which they do operate thereby helping them to improve the identity that they had inherited from their own culture (Pham and Saltmarsh 2013). References Title of the Article Author name Year Source of the reference with Page numbers Third space strategists: International students negotiating the transition from Pathway program to postgraduate coursework degree. Benzie, H. 2015 International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, 14(3), pp.17-31. Disconnected pedagogies: Experiences of international students in higher education. Catterall, J., Aitchison, C. and Rolls, N. 2016 Journal of Academic Language and Learning,10(2), pp.A70-A79. What factors influence Vietnamese students choice of university? Dao, M.T.N. and Thorpe, A. 2015 International Journal of Educational Management,29(5), pp.666-681. Recent trends and issues in international student mobility De Wit, H. 2015 International Higher Education, (59). Bridging socio-cultural incongruity: Conceptualising the success of students from low socio-economic status backgrounds in Australian higher education. Devlin, M. 2013 Studies in Higher Education,38(6), pp.939-949 Closing the gap: International student pathways, academic performance and academic acculturation. Floyd, C.B. 2015 Journal of Academic Language and Learning,9(2), pp.A1-A18. Indian students and the evolution of the study?migration pathway in Australia. Hawthorne, L. 2014 International Migration,52(2), pp.3-19. Is Australia overdependent on international students? Marginson, S. 2015 International Higher Education, (54). Neoliberal education? Comparing Character and Citizenship Education in Singapore and Civics and Citizenship Education in Australia. Neoh, J.Y. 2017 JSSE-Journal of Social Science Education,16(3). International students identities in a globalized world: Narratives from Vietnam. Pham, L. and Saltmarsh, D. 2013 .Journal of Research in International Education,12(2), pp.129-141. Understanding the symbolic capital of intercultural interactions: A case study of international students in Australia. Pham, L. and Tran, L. 2015 International Studies in Sociology of Education,25(3), pp.204-224. Towards a clearer understanding of student disadvantage in higher education: Problematising deficit thinking. Smit, R. 2012 Higher Education Research Development,31(3), pp.369-380. Changing social relations in higher education: the first year international student and the Chinese learner in Australia. Song, X. 2014 Universities in transition: Foregrounding social contexts of knowledge in the first year experience, pp.127-156. Study in Australia. [online] 2017 Available at: [Accessed 29 Nov. 2017]. The best of both worlds? Towards an English for Academic Purposes/Academic Literacies writing pedagogy. Wingate, U. and Tribble, C. 2012 Studies in Higher Education,37(4), pp.481-495. Context and outcomes of intercultural education amongst international students in Australia. Zevallos, Z. 2012 Intercultural Education,23(1), pp.41-49.

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Outstanding a Separate Peace Topics for Students

A Separate Peace novel was the work of the author, John Knowles. It’s a literal flashback piece narrated by Gene; set at a period during World War II. Besides, the novel is Knowles’s autobiographical work describing his experience at a boarding school in New England together with his fellow student. Gene is the protagonist and an intellectual whiz-a contrast to his friend Finny who is a talented athlete. Both attended summer session at Devon school to prepare their entry into the university. The plot features many turns and twists. During the summer of 1942, Finny, now a close companion of Gene hatches a plan to form a suicide society. One of the goals of the organization was the have members jump from a tree into the Devon River. At the time, Gene had become jealous of Finnys assumed academic prowess. The climax of the rivalry ends tragically after Gene shook a tree’s branch causing Finny to fall and break his leg. With a career ruined, Finny focuses on academics while Gene tries a hand in athletics. This novel has griping narration that will not only make it appealing to analyze but also discover topics you can discuss in your essay. It can be hard to find a good topic if you have no background understanding of what the author wishes to communicate in the texts. There are numerous themes featured in the novel like guilt, friendship, jealousy, and anger. Each of them can be broken down into many topics. Expert Guide on How to Select the Best a Separate Peace Essay Topic The practical way to come up with a topic to analyze literal work is examining the themes used by the author. You can also relate the issues to events in our modern world. Besides, the element of symbolism, imagery and literal devices can provide ideas that could be harnessed to create a topic and thesis statement. Start by reading the book thoroughly and learn the symbolism and themes employed by the author. Additionally, examine all the aspects of the novel including any hidden messages. It is through this that you are likely to pick a unique and exciting topic that is uncommon. Besides, try to examine the novel from a different perspective or angle. This could be an event that happened during the writing of the novel and probably influenced the author’s thoughts or feelings. List of a Separate Peace Essay Topics to Get You Started Writing If you are experiencing a challenge to come up with your topic, have a look at our question prompts that will guide you in identifying topics from the novel. If you decide to pick any of our topics, research on it to discover ideas to support your arguments. Below is an excellent list of A Separate Peace essay topic ideas: Reflection Reality Rebellion Memories Innocence War and peace Co-dependency Jealousy Conscience and guilt Fear Rules and order Youth Identity Denial Change in times of crisis Friendship The Best A Separate Peace Essay Questions that Earn Top Scores A topic question should be engaging to arouse some interest. Take a look of these essay questions obtained from the themes, setting, plot, and characters. You can borrow them to include in your paper. What is the nature of Leper’s character and his relationship with Gene and Finny? Describe the natural setting of the scene in regards to the events and characters. Does the setting differ with thematic content of the scenes? What is the symbolism of Finny’s fall? What is the significance of the competition between Gene and Finny? In what context does the pursuit in academic and sports play in their rivalry? How does the theme of humanity’s goodness vs. inherent evil play a part in the novel? Does the title, of the novel, ‘A Separate Peace’ and the setting during warfare contradict? In what ways is the relationship between Funny and Gene interdependent considering they have an unsteady interaction? How reliable is Gene in narrating and recalling memories? Compelling A Separate Peace Essay Ideas: Get Professional Help The primary aim of the topic is to highlight and analyze the significant elements in the novel. You also get a chance to state your reaction at the conclusion. Essay topics can be derived from the novels literal aspect like characters. The protagonist, Gene and his friend Finny are portrayed as having different virtues. Consequently, they represent different symbols and themes that would mean you can cast the net wide to get the topics. If writing the essay proves a challenge even after our tropic ideas and questions, we are available to assist you to write the paper on your behalf. Our experts are native English essay writers with extensive experience in academic writing and are prompt in delivering exceptionally high-quality pieces. Submitting your paper on time is our top priority. Once you buy an essay online from us, we grant you great benefits including discounted prices and money back guarantee to ensure you get the most out of our service. You can expect to receive an outstanding paper that will earn you a top score. Order an essay now!

Saturday, March 7, 2020

“Solutions to the Crime Problem in the United States” Essays

â€Å"Solutions to the Crime Problem in the United States† Essays â€Å"Solutions to the Crime Problem in the United States† Essay â€Å"Solutions to the Crime Problem in the United States† Essay Slavery had been practiced since the 18th century. During those times, blacks in the United States have been slaves in the tobacco plantations and some large farms. Labor-intensive cultivation in the tobacco farms had been experienced by Africans and any some other nationalities around the world. Nowadays, slavery is still exercised by some parts of the United States of America but it is not as intense as that of the slavery felt in the 18th century. The reason behind the decrease of slavery during this time is that slavery had been proclaimed illegal by the law.As defined by majority, slavery is a social-economic system wherein certain persons are being depressed of their freedom as persons and are required to perform labor and services. The crime control policy I am proposing for slavery should start from considering the thought that no man was born a slave. Moreover, slavery should be solved by proposing a sensible law prohibiting the act of slavery to ever y man living on earth may he be of different race and sex. The law should include personal freedom and will have the right to refuse to do labor or any act of service to other people. This law should be called the Anti-Slavery Act which should be supported from individual person to groups for proper implementation.From the point of view of the Classical Conservative, the crime control policy that was proposed for a solution to slavery could be battled over by the people who are behind the ideological positions. It is the nature of a Classical Conservative to preserve and to guard their established culture. Classical Conservative is a term describing the philosophy of politics which greatly support the values that are traditional to a certain group of people called â€Å"conservatives†. They have a strong principle that should keep guard their tradition which includes beliefs and customs. Other traditions include religious and cultural. Many groups of people in the earlier cen turies had considered slavery as part of their tradition. Moreover, it was carried until today’s centuries but it is only considered minimal since other cultures have already adopted foreign cultures. So to support the proposed crime control policy to solve slavery will have a very low appeal to the Classical Conservative type of people. If according to the background of the Classical Conservative people is considered, approximately, 20-30 percent of the people will say yes to the proposed crime policy.The definition of a crime for the Classical School of thought in criminology is defined by the legal code which means that there is crime without the law. This means that the point of view from the Classical School of thought will be somewhat similar to that of the Classical Conservative.Classical LiberalismChild abuse is defined as the maltreatment of the parents or guardians to a child in terms of physical sexual or emotional. Some causes of child abuse lies on the hands of t he abusers. Some of the abusers were victims of child abuse during their childhood days. Personality disorder of a person or mental disabilities can also cause a person to abuse a child. Extraordinary stresses undergone by parents can also be a factor of child abuse. Poverty, sickness or drug and alcohol abuse of parents had also played a role for the child to be abused.The crime control policy for the child abuse to be solved will start from the family and community level. Parents or guardians are required to attend seminars and symposiums regarding the prevention of child abuse. Family support programs could also be given to the families particularly the parents to prevent them from abusing their children when stress and problems occur in the family. Education and information for parents regarding the cause, effect and impacts of child abuse could also be acquired by parents in the community level.From the point of view of a classical liberalist, crime control policy for the solut ion of child abuses it will not be totally supported. The principles that govern classical liberalism state that it is very important for a classical liberalist to exercise individual freedom from restraint. Child abuse in the classical school of thought is perceived to not being a crime since in the earlier times; child abuse is mistaken to be called as a disciplinary action of a parent to his child. It is a normal trend for parents to abuse their children because of the lack of information for them to learn the cause, effect and impacts of child abuse to their family especially to the abused children.Social DemocracyChild abduction in the United States of America had been a problem but the Federal Bureau of Investigation had worked hard to eliminate this problem. Usually, kidnapping is done because of the ransom money asked by the kidnappers from the parents of the children being kidnapped. But with the efforts of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, nowadays, kidnapping for ranso m is already non-existent in the United States.Crime control policy would basically will involve the parents and the children or the family as a whole. The policy should contain such actions that the children know the basic information about them. The parents should always teach their children their complete name, the telephone number of the house, the telephone number of the emergency hotline and the address where they live. This basic information will help the children a lot to prevent them or save them if ever kidnapping will happen. Educating the children of not trusting everybody else especially the strangers when they are outside their houses should also be contained in the crime control policy. Talking to strangers should also be informed to the children that this may cause them to be abducted if ever. Children, when going out should always have a friend or an elder with them to prevent the cases of child abduction. Pointing out to children the safety places where they could go when they are in trouble should also be emphasized by parents to their children. Safety houses include houses of your neighborhood, the police station nearest friends’ houses. Child education about the causes and effects of child abduction the soonest possible time could greatly help to protect the safety of the children inside and outside homes. Knowledge of parents such as knowing the criminal background of their baby sitter is a very essential factor to consider in child safety.From the point of view of a social democrat, the crime policy above could be appealing. But according to the characteristics of the positivist in the school of thought, it is not possible for them not to support the crime control policy. The reason basically is they only call an action such a crime if it is based on a scientific explanation. A social democrat could consider the crime control policy because one of the characteristics of a social democrat is that if crime is low in a certain area, there are possibilities the increase in capitalism will be evident. It is not likely to a negative feedback of the crime control policy from the social democrats since the safety of the community they are living is a priority for them to gain from their investments and businesses.Egalitarian-SocialistThe fourth ideological position which is egalitarianism is defined as the equality in justice should be practiced among all kinds of people whatever the race and gender. More often than not, the crime control policy for the prevention of child abduction will be acceptable to the egalitarian people. This is because they are in favor of the fact that every man should be held equal under the law, the church and the right as a human being irregardless of the human race or ethnicity. Child abduction is considered a crime for most of the people supporting the egalitarian point of view. They define crime basing on international laws and human rights.The critical school of thought would also co nsider child abduction as a crime as with the view of the egalitarianists. The crime control policy would also be supported and will be approved by them because of the critical thinking that crimes committed should always deserve a corresponding punishment.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Abandoned Vehicle Problem Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words

Abandoned Vehicle Problem - Assignment Example This research paper explores statistical information and data to provide an overview of the situation by focusing on the information gathered from various cities across the Kingdom. Proposed recommendations provided in the research focus on the placement of environmental regulations, Environmental Management Systems (EMS), government policies and vehicle recycling systems to garner desired results. Furthermore, the negative effects of abandoned vehicles are also discussed and the environmental and economic sustainability of proposed recommendations is examined to draw appropriate conclusions. Introduction The issue of abandoned vehicles that are often left by their owners on a plethora of public sites has been a cause of major concern for law enforcement agencies and city administrations across the globe. This problem is most prevalent and its environmental, economic and social impact most visible in numerous developed nations. Much of the abandoned vehicles do not carry any sources of identification thereby, making it an impossible task for concerned authorities to trace back their owners. According to a report submitted to the UK parliament by the House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee (2004: p46) the quantity of automobiles abandoned by their owners in the United Kingdom increased from 1500 to 2000 in period lasting from 2001 to 2003. However, it can be rightfully stated that the existing situation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with regards to the problem under discussion is much worse. As per the statistics presented by Lt. Col. Zaid Al-Hamzi of Jeddah traffic department for 2011, the number of abandoned vehicles taken away from the streets of Jeddah during the year amounted to a staggering 2,836 automobiles (Arabia MSN). The gravity of the situation is defined by assessing the costs of vehicle abandonment that have to be paid for by society, which can be examined in the light of economic and environmental impacts of vehicle abandonment. Joyce and Milner (2005: p139) note that extensive ramifications of this issue include critical concerns regarding the safety of general public and the occurrence of criminal activities. Additionally, the difficulties associated with disposing abandoned vehicles must also be highlighted. These issues involve aspects related to the costs incurred on repair of roads and highways that are damaged due to the presence of abandoned motor vehicles and the expenses borne by administrative and law enforcement authorities in transporting said vehicles to designated locations or junkyards. In order to examine the problem of abandoned vehicles in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in a comprehensive manner, this research undertakes the assessment of the topic by highlighting its core aspects. Therefore, the succeeding sections of the paper present a statistical overview of the issue in the nation, possibilities of resolving the problem, analysis of vehicle recycling systems, a thorough discussion of the negative effects of abandoned vehicles and the sustainability of proposed recommendations. Moreover, the concluding remarks of the study provide guidelines for directing the course of subsequent researches on the issue. Abandoned Vehicles in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia – A Statistical Overview As identified in the preceding section of the paper, instances of motor vehicle abandonment are on the rise in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with 2,836 vehicles removed by the Jeddah traffic department in 2011 (Arabia MSN). An analysis of this statistic indicates