Wednesday, August 26, 2020

A Brief History Of Musical Theater essays

A Brief History Of Musical Theater papers In spite of the fact that it has its foundations in European structures, for example, drama and operetta, what we know as melodic performance center today is a structure that created in America during the twentieth century. The introduction of melodic venue can be followed to a 1866 creation called The Black Crook, an outlandish drama planned to open in New York City. Simultaneously a French expressive dance troupe was planned to show up however the theater where the artful dance was to occur caught fire. The maker of The Black Crook, having little confidence in his show, employed the artful dance troupe to be a piece of his creation. The moves were acted in the middle of scenes of the play, in this manner getting a play together with music and move. It was broadly effective. Following this, the vast majority of the musicals that were seen originated from the vaudeville type appear. They were fundamentally revues with scenes and melodies. Little vignettes that were independent elements, including extremely famous tunes and normally an enormous theme of quite female artists. The topic was light and unimportant. Well known authors of this time included Irving Berlin, Jerome Kern, George Gershwin, Cole Porter and Richard Rodgers. The verses were commonly clever and astute, and they mirrored a high request on knowledge. For instance, in Youre the Top Cole Porter thinks about the artists dearest to a wide scope of articles, expressing that the individual is the Colosseum and the Louver Museum, a Bendel cap and a Shakespears piece, they rhyming the Tower of Pisa with the grin on the Mona Lisa. Another significant achievement in the early improvement of melodic auditorium was crafted by George M. Cohen. Cohen was an entertainer, author and arranger who composed music with a clear American strain, for example, Yankee Doodle Dandy and Give My Regards to Broadway. He composed discourse for his shows that was increasingly sensible and was utilized to push the story ahead. This was the introduction of the book melodic. A melodic te... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Madness and Insanity in Shakespeares Hamlet - The Pretended Madness of Hamlet :: Essays on Shakespeare Hamlet

The Pretended Madness of Hamlet Hamlet, realizing that he will get into trouble, needs to pretend frenzy to complete his crucial. He practices his imagined madnesss first with Ophelia, for regardless of whether he ought to come up short there in his demonstration of reproduction, that disappointment won't cause him any genuine mischief. The indications of madness that Hamlet will show become unsurprising - a definite sign that it is a reproduced and not a genuine craziness. At the point when Hamlet is with a reliable companion, he is levelheaded and indication free; when those people show up, notwithstanding, whom he needs to persuade that he is frantic, he changes his conduct in order to embed various clarifications in their psyches for his recognizable silly conduct. With Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, he makes accept that the explanation behind it is baffled desire; with the Queen and King, that it is their marriage that has disturbed him; and with Polonius and Ophelia, that it is disappointed love that has made him distraught. These quick and awkward changes from judicious discourse with those he trusts to unreasonable discussion with those whom he wishes to dazzle are solid proof of misrepresentation. In a character profile which I read by Max Huhner who has distributed a few scholarly papers, Huhner decreases the issue of Hamlet to one factor, of the sort that Freud conceptualized as optional addition in mental illness. Hamlet, says Huhner, couldn't hold his tongue or leave well enough alone, and was in this manner totally unfitted for discretionary work. It could be said his faking madness was his sole road of wellbeing. It is along these equivalent lines that I have attempted to demonstrate the sensibility of Hamlet's savage dealings with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, supporting on grounds of reasonable need and the craving to stay away from dangers the reality Hamlet masterminded their execution without beneficiary having gotten an opportunity to get the help of the Church. I could sum up my own character examination of Hamlet as basically an image of an unreasonable man, who has by the by continued with ideal impact under existing outer and interior conditions.

Thursday, August 20, 2020

Recruitment Fundamentals for HR Professionals and Entrepreneurs

Recruitment Fundamentals for HR Professionals and Entrepreneurs Many organizations whether they may be new to or leaders of the market make mistakes when hiring professionals into their businesses. It would be helpful to ensure that HR professionals and entrepreneurs have the recruitment fundamentals mastered to run their business successfully. © Shutterstock | Rawpixel.comThis article discusses some of the main recruitment fundamentals, focusing on the recruitment plan, sourcing and approaching candidates, conducting effective interviews, and choosing the right employees.CREATING AND IMPLEMENTING A RECRUITMENT PLANNo matter what type of business you have, recruiting is most efficient when it is driven by a plan that has been proven to work and is practical. This is how you do exactly that!Analyzing Job Responsibilities and TasksIf you have an existing business, start by intensely looking at your employees that perform the very best. On the other hand, if you are a start-up company, think of the kind of employees you would like have in your roster. Ponder over their effectiveness and efficiency in their would-be-responsibilities and -tasks.If it is helpful, peruse through previous resumes of current or potential employees. In addition, you can observe and perform follow-up interviews with experts who perform their jobs wel l. Identify the typical activities that they perform well.Identifying Required Skills and CompetenciesBased on the previous analysis, list down the crucial skills that you would need for employees in your business. They could be communication skills, organizational skills, analytical skills, computer skills, and the like. If you have a new company and have no idea of the typical standard, attempt to perform benchmarking with similar companies.Learn from mamagers of Apple and Google what they think are required job skills. Describing the Performance NeededConsider the behavior and competency you would like your ideal employee to have. The typical competencies are adaptability, positive attitudes, cooperation and teamwork, and self-reliance. There are many companies that can aid you in identifying what these are and that can design for you a type of hiring tool that could increase your employee retention rate.Developing the Job DescriptionAs soon as you know the kind of employees you are looking for, you may indicate the kind of performance you would need and then compose the job description. In this instance, prioritize the required and desired competencies and skills. Also, describe the work environment wherein the employees will be and indicate the range and scope of the job position.Moreover, at this stage you should indicate the pay structure of the employees. We suggest that you include two important groups in this portion senior leadership and human resources. Senior leadership can aid you in identifying your pay strategy, while human resources can help in evaluating the compensation of the outside market.This also supports you in the pricing of the jobs compared to other jobs in the company. You have to think if you want to be a choice employer due to your high salary range or pay within the market average.Identifying Sources and Creating the Recruitment PlanEach staff selection strategy includes recruitment sources and a selection plan. It is important to find your sources and evaluate their success through time. For employees that you hire, make sure that you evaluate and record their source, their performance, their attendance, and their length of stay.With this method, you can identify the success of every source. If a source results in employees that perform well consistently, use it all the time. However, if the results come from a pool that usually have employees that immediately leave, cease hiring from that particular source.Defining and Executing the Selection ProceduresThe most typical hiring hazard that recruiting managers make in the final selection is putting too much emphasis on one part of the interview or screening process.For example, a candidate could be stressed out during the job interview yet still have a wonderful background, excellent references, performed well on behavior, and the like. Go through all the parts of the selection process, including the significance of each, prior to making your final decisio n. HOW TO SOURCE AND APPROACH CANDIDATESSourcing Channels for RecruitmentTo lend credence to the recruitment procedures, there are a couple of sources you can utilize to form a candidate pool.Current Employees. If you already have current employees on your roster, you can let them know you are hiring for positions in an internal system that has job postings.Current Employee Referrals. In general, the newly hired who come from current employee referrals have more loyalty, stay longer, and have higher job satisfaction than other sources.Previous Employees. Of course, these are not employees that were terminated due to bad performance and/or conduct. Previous employees may be temporaries, laid off employees, those who resigned but would like to return, or contractual staff.Clients/Customers. You can hire clients or customers who know the services and products and typically can give insight on how you can improve your product or service.Competitors. If you accept a hire from competitors , they can lend their experience to your business. But there are things you should know before hiring an employee from a competitor.Schools/Universities. There are a lot of schools and universities that have intern programs that allows them to get experience and at the same time gives businesses their contribution, giving them the possibility of recruitments in the future.Staff Sharing. There is such a thing as staff-sharing when similar businesses have the same busy periods, providing them the ability to form a staff alliance that would assist each business to manage workload in a cost-efficient manner.Employment Agencies. Many businesses tap into external resources like employment agencies for recruitment.Consideration of Internal and External RecruitmentBusinesses should examine carefully the possible effects of hiring internally and externally. This decision depends on the case or the position. Although, many businesses have general guidelines for the hiring process.The question of hiring either internally or externally is significant, in order to guarantee that the best and right person is hired, that fair hiring has been accomplished, and that business objectives are achieved.In general, businesses opt to fill most of its positions internally as it supports their career path principles and knowledge management. Moreover, this would have a good impact on employee morale. However, if you choose to hire externally, the new employees can bring in fresh new ideas and perspectives.[slideshare id=16963819doc=iaptmcsession1print-130306001757-phpapp01w=640h=330]Advantages and Disadvantages of Hiring InternallyAdvantagesExhibits the business’s purpose to improve career opportunities for its employeesCould reveal and put weight on existing employees’ untapped skills, knowledge, and abilitiesCreates a positive impact on the morale of employeesHelps initiatives on knowledge management through tenureStays true to human resource directives to post positions interna lly first before looking for candidates outside of the organizationCould be less expensive to hire because of the lowered costs in advertising jobsMay be more productive and faster due to their familiarity with the business’s culture, network, and processesCould be able to forge alliances with other groups and departments according to former relationshipsDisadvantagesLack of experience away from the businessCould create employee resentment to those that disagree with the selectionPromoted people could face difficulties or resistance when managing peersCould require more training (in a few cases) for skills that are specific for the jobAdvantages and Disadvantages of Hiring ExternallyAdvantagesFlow of new perspectives and ideas coming from experiences outside of the business and capability to view the business and their tasks with new viewpointsIntensity and range of exposure to the industry could exceed internal candidates’Not bound by typical standard practicesIn hiring for par ticular skill sets, there may be less training for the jobCould assist in establishing a more diverse pool of employeesDisadvantagesExternal hire could not be automatically accepted by existing employeesMore time may be needed for familiarity with the business’s network, culture, and processesThere could be resentment coming from existing employees that would like the position to be internally filledCould send a disappointing message that there are limited career pathsOutside candidates are unknown and it would be challenging to peg if they can fit with the business’s interactions and cultural approachesCould be costlier with high recruiting and screening expensesCONDUCTING EFFECTIVE INTERVIEWSA conversation between you and a job candidate, an interview offers you data on determining whether someone should continue on the selection process and eliminate those who are not a suitable fit. The objective is to identify candidates that are unsuitable earlier on so as to save on time and to lower recruiting expenses for your business, as well as the applicants.Tools for Screening ApplicantsThere are many different tools for screening job applicants. Some are simple, others are complicated; some involve low technology, others more advanced technology.The Application Form. The application form determines if an applicant can meet the job requirements at the minimum. You need to have an application checklist for the significant portions of the job and establish the selection criteria according to the checklist.Cover Letters and Resumes. These could be used in the screening process, as well as the application form. Cover letters and resumes could be less revealing than the application form because an employer cannot require what information is included in the documents.Tests. Short tests may evaluate job knowledge and ability. The tests should be according to the analysis of the job and should be accurate predictors of job performance.Recommendations. Written or verb al recommendations can offer insight into the strengths of an applicant. They can also give you the ability to evaluate the candidate from a different viewpoint.Reference Checks. For general reference checks, employment dates, job positions, and rehire possibilities are what you can usually gather. This data is customarily given by human resources, which could be limited in the qualitative information that they can reveal.Structure of InterviewsUnstructured. Unstructured interviews have random questions that were created to gain viewpoints into the suitability of a candidate for a position. These are questions that are not in a typical interview guide. The questions are chosen by the interviewer spontaneously. This is actually a typical way to select employees, yet has low validity and effectiveness.Structured. Structured interviews are according to the position’s job description. Questions that are consistent are created according to the competencies and responsibilities of the j ob. Typical criteria are used to rate and rank the candidates.Media of InterviewsYou can conduct your interviews via phone or in person.Telephone. If you have a position that involves using the phone a lot (especially for call centers), this is important. You can conduct an initial interview through the phone that can allow you to assess their communication skills before the interview face to face. This makes it efficient both in cost and in time.Face-to-Face. Face-to-face interview is the most common interview medium. This offers you with the opportunity to assess further, the applicant’s knowledge, skills, and experience.Interview PreparationBefore you begin the interview process, it would need thorough preparation on your part. In order to prepare, a typical recruiting manager must:Go through the job description.Read the job competencies to see the appropriateness between the qualifications and the questions.Review the application materials of the candidate, like the resume, ap plication form, test scores, etc.Get a date for the interview usually through phone and in a place in your office where you will not be heard or interrupted.Decide on who else will be in the interview.Set the expectations of the applicant for the interviewwho will be there, if there will be a test, and other important data.While the interview is ongoing, ask the applicant for more details or ask further questions, if needed.By the end of the interview, discuss what the next steps will be and the possible period for the decision.CHOOSING THE RIGHT EMPLOYEESScreening ApplicationsUse the screening tools as previously mentioned, such as the application forms, resumes, and tests, to find candidates that meet the job requirements. The data collected from the screening can help in evaluating an application in the evaluation stages.Here is what to include in an application form.[slideshare id=46844901doc=howtoconductaninterview-150410023317-conversion-gate01w=640h=330]Interviewing Applicant sAs just discussed, phone and face-to-face interviews show more possibilities of learning more about the candidates. You should be open with the candidates concerning the position, responsibilities, work environment, supervisor/s, and the business’ overall objectives and goals.It is significant that candidates should know the monitoring practices and policies of the company. This must include a summary of the kinds, objectives, and purposes of the monitoring programs and how the information is utilized.Exposing Applicants to the Work CultureHaving some time to sit and observe business operations while sitting by different people in the office, would help the candidate gain knowledge of what is in store for the job day-to-day. It also helps that the existing staff participate in the process of selection because they feel some kind of ownership in the recruitment process.Evaluating CandidaciesIn the phase of evaluation, it is significant to refer to criteria that are merely job rela ted, which are skills, knowledge, and abilities. If you have established evaluation criteria, this removes the guesswork needed to compare applicants when using a ranking or rating system or other methods that are objective, to assess candidates.Formulating the DecisionDeciding whom to hire must be according to who is the most qualified for the position and who would fit best, not just in the job, but also with your overall team and business. By documenting the complete selection process, you can make a good decision. A ranking system that is weighted can also be helpful in guaranteeing that the candidate that receives the offer is the most qualified.Extending the Job OfferCommunicate your job offer to the applicant verbally. You should ask the applicant if he or she is interested in the job, requires more information, or needs more time for consideration. If the applicant offers you a verbal yes, follow-up with an offer letter immediately.This letter must include the job title and responsibilities, benefits, compensation, start date, and the signature of your business’ authorized representative.Negotiating with the Chosen ApplicantThe recruitment manager that coordinates the offer needs to know the policies of the organization on how much wiggle room he or she has for negotiation, as candidates could make counter-offers. Next are some of the potential negotiation areas.Starting Salary. Some businesses have the policy that new employees begin at the salary grade base. However, others allow for the first quartile negotiation, the middle, or other limits. This depends on the experience and qualifications of the candidate.Signing Bonus. For a specifically competitive or tight labor market, you may have to negotiate the terms and amount of the signing bonus. Some businesses do not give the payment until the employees reach a particular tenure, for example, 6 months.Starting Date. It is expected that candidates give their employer two weeks’ notice before they leave. In addition, they may wish to wait longer to have the benefits of financial incentives, to finish an assignment or contract, or to have some kind of personal leave before beginning new work.Benefits. Negotiations typically concentrate on benefits like vacation leaves, since other benefits cannot be negotiated anymore because of state or federal regulations.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Objectives Of Introducing Business Models In The Provision Of Public Services - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 3 Words: 850 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Business Essay Type Narrative essay Level High school Did you like this example? Objectives of introducing business models in the provision of public services: * Provide better and improved services in the areas such as water supply management, water sanitation, solid waste management and electricity supply in the remote areas. * Improving the existing infrastructure * Providing affordable services to the masses * Providing timely services to the public to meet their demand Public private sector in Pakistan will focus on the following sectors: * Transport and logistics * Mass Urban Public Transport * Municipal Services * Small Scale Energy Projects Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Objectives Of Introducing Business Models In The Provision Of Public Services" essay for you Create order Pros: * Both the parties become able to pool in large resources for long term investment that would not be possible to carry out individually. * Transfer of the risk to the private sector. * Ensures effective and efficient delivery o services * Able to finance various infrastructure projects like road, railways, hospitals and school while utilizing the financial capacity of the private sector. * PPP helps to provide better quality and services at lower prices * Faster implementation of projects * Shift to the whole life cycle cost management of the project and private sector ensures the quality and maintenance of the asset under use. * Mutual understanding of public sector objectives * Promoting Non-commercial relationship, * pose low risk to municipality * increases Transparency and accountability * more available choices * Low transaction costs: administrative costs around 2% of projects * Possibility of reinvesting 100% of available financial res ources into the system * Long-term gain in capacity-building * local control over objectives, methods * Can involve local civil society, workforce * Partners which have benefitted from a PUP can become supporting partners to other cities Cons * General public have concerns about safety and asset performance because all the assets are controlled majorly by the private sector. * A poorly structured tender document, which may be a result of:  · lack of prior analysis in respect of project feasibility and risk allocation;  · lack of stakeholder consultation;  · bureaucratic inexperience and lack of quality expert advisers  · Bureaucratic corruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists);  · political interference or corruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists);  · A poorly developed bid evaluation methodology, which may be a result of:  · lack of prior analysis in respect of project feasibility and risk allocation;  · lack of stakeholder consultation;  · bureaucratic inexperience coupled with a lack of quality expert advice;  · Bureaucratic co rruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists);  · Political interference or corruption (which should only be possible if procurement procedures are deficient or extensive collusion exists); Poorly negotiated contractual arrangements, which may be a result of: ? Lack of commercial realism by the bureaucracy; ? Miscalculation of project risks by the private sector; ? Corruption or incompetence; ? Political interference; Political ineptitude and/or interference, leading to a lack of commitment and eventual abandonment or restructuring to reabsorb into the public sector; Civil protest, which may be a result of; ? Lack of stakeholder consultation when designing the project structure; ? Lack of appreciation of the political situation by bureaucrats when structuring the environmental/commercial/cost recovery aspects of the project. Poor contract management/ongoing monitoring, usually caus ed by: ? Lack of experience within government; ? Lack of resources applied to contract management; ? Lack of formal structure within government to monitor PPP contracts. Water sanitation, sewage system and its proper drainage has been a big problem in Pakistan and in many developing countries since ages. The contaminated water causes various water borne diseases and million of people die each year fro the various curable diseases just because of the poor quality of drinking water. These diseases include viral hepatitis, typhoid, cholera, dysentery and many other. The greater sewage plan was not needed but pushed by bureaucratic involvement of federal and provincial government. The case under discussion is also about water sanitation and sewerage system in Karachi. Although the project is best known for its community base, it has from the outset described itself as ‘working with government and expanding the model through ‘collaboration with state agencie s†. About 370 gallons of untreated solid waste has been dumped into the Karachi sea water, as a result sea life is being polluted near sea shore. All the industrial and domestic sewage is being disposed off there. Although underground sewage line exist but due to lack of its extension with ever increasing urban development people are force to connect their sewage line to the natural water drains. Over 90% houses have connected themselves to the Government Sewage system illegally and over 82% have installed sewage pipes at their own expenses. In order to over come the sewage problem Government has started the Greater Karachi Sewage Plan that has been funded by Asian Development Bank. Under this plan, Karachi Water and Sewerage Board is in debt of about Rs. 42 billion which the Public of Karachi will ultimately have to pay. This plan has been questioned by OPP-RTI continuously since 1997 and has been proposed alternatives that are more cost effective. The Greater Karachi s ewage plan was profoundly criticize because it fails to incorporate the sewage system that was previously installed by various NGOs and does not provide an integrated sewage plan that provides solution for over all sanitation of the Karachi.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Should Juveniles Be Tried as Adults Essay - 867 Words

Samantha Panek Dr. Lennie Irvin English 1301-279 April 29, 2012 Should Juveniles be tried as Adults? There are many controversies that surround juveniles being rehabilitated rather than going through the adult justice system, but studies show that juveniles are not fully developed to be tried as an adult. One of the main questions that it always boils down to is â€Å"should juveniles be tried as adults?† in my opinion juveniles should not be tried as adults because of their age. First, I believe that juveniles should not be tried as adults because their mentalities are not fully developed. Children are often unable to consider the long term consequences of their actions, have difficulty taking the perspective of others, and typically have†¦show more content†¦If we simply send juveniles through the adult justice system it might make them worse individuals. For instance, since their minds are still growing, by being around worse criminals they may pick on their criminal traits. Some juveniles that went through traumatic experiences which led to their sentencing will be able to get to the roots of their issues, since the counselors will be there to guide them. Finally, I believe that by being rehabilitated the juvenile will have a better chance at life because eventually they will be back in society. Juveniles that go through the rehabilitation process will be able to have a clean record after they reach 18, where as the exact opposite if they went through the adult justice system. When they get out, they will have adult criminal records that aren’t erased. (The New York Times p.28) Once the rehabilitated juveniles are released, they will be able to start a new life. Juveniles will be able to get a job and maybe earn a degree for a specific profession without being viewed a criminal. Since the juvenile will have gone through rehabilitation they will have a different perception on life, and will also understand that for every action there is a reaction. They will make smarter choices and hopefully not want to return to the lifestyle In conclusion I feel that by not trying juveniles as adults it is a better outcome for the child and society. We are also giving the juvenile a second chance at the future that everyoneShow MoreRelatedShould Juveniles Be Tried as Adults?1017 Words   |  4 Pagesto be growing up earlier as the years go by. Serious crimes committed by juveniles have stayed pretty much the same in the last twenty years, but that is not to say people have not concluded differently. A thanks to laws passed in the ninety’s and more specifically between ninety two and ninety seven, It is easier to try juveniles as adults in the court system. There are multiple pros and cons to juveniles being tried as adult. These arguments range from a crime is a crime to they are not mentallyRead MoreShould Juveniles be tried as Adults?2030 Words   |  9 Pagesï » ¿Running Head: SHOULD JUVENILES BE TRIED AS ADULTS? Should Juveniles be tried as Adults? Should Juveniles be Tried as Adults? The law states that any person under the age of 18 is classified to be a juvenile and when they commit a crime they are tried in the juvenile court system. Although this is true with most cases there are times when the state will allow youths under the age of 18 to be tried as adults. This differs from state to state as eachRead MoreShould Juveniles Be Tried As Adults?4864 Words   |  20 PagesShould juveniles be tried as adults? In my opinion I think they should because when you turn a certain age, you gain certain privileges. â€Å"You achieve certain rewards such as voting rights, the ability to purchase a house, the ability to purchase tobacco products at the local gas station, but most importantly the ability to be held responsible for your actions. When you turn 18 a whole other world opens for you, and that’s because an 18-year-old is considered an adult in nearly every state, whichRead MoreShould A Juvenile Be Tried As An Adult? Essay1884 Words   |  8 Pag esevery day in the United States. Each year thousands of juveniles under the age of 18 are arrested. The debate of â€Å"should a juvenile be tried as an adult† is one for the ages. Many would like to argue against the idea as they believe firmly in rehabilitation. But what happens when the crimes are so violent that the family is unable to recognize the victim or when the juvenile shows no remorse and then goes on to harm others. At what age should one be held accountable for their actions? At what ageRead MoreJuveniles Should Be Tried As Adults1964 Words   |  8 Pagescommit an adult crime then you should be charged as an adult as well. Teenagers should be tried as adults for the violent crimes that they commit. In today’s generation, there are a lot of crimes taking place. Adults aren’t the only ones that are committing the crimes, teenagers are as well. If you are old enough to do the crime, you are old enough to do the time. Juveniles should be responsible for their own actions and they should be held accountable for the decisions they make. Juveniles do violentRead MoreJuveniles Should Not Be Tried As Adults1497 Words   |  6 PagesWhether juveniles should be tried as adults in the justice system or not, has been an ongoing debate for many people. There has been many cases throughout time where people under the age of 18 have been tried as adults in the justice system. Information about this debate can be found in articles, novels, and podcasts. Typically people who are under the age of 18 are identified as a juvenile delinquent and go through different procedures after committing a crime. There is many examples and evidenceRead MoreJuveniles Should Not Be Tried As Adults1494 Words   |  6 Pages Juveniles should not be tried as adults because it is proven that children are incapable of making a rational, mature decision on their own. Adolescents have a shorter experience in the world, their brains are still developing, they do not have the same responsibilities or rights as adults and they are easily influenced at this age. Let s say a child around the age of twelve is playing with two other friends at his house. His mother and father both work constantly so these children are alone.Read MoreShould Juveniles Be Tried as Adults896 Words   |  4 PagesQuestion: Should juvenile offenders be tried and punished as adults? Claim: Juvenile offenders shouldn’t be tried and punished as adults. I. Introduction a. There has been a lot of controversy over the issue of if juveniles should be tired and punished as adults. II. Harsh Policies Do not work III. Adult Convictions Jeopardize Children’s Rights and Futures IV. Risks to Children’s Health V. These PoliciesRead MoreShould Juveniles Be Tried As Adults?2843 Words   |  12 PagesUnder most state laws, juvenile offenders do not commit crimes. They commit delinquent acts, some of which are acts that would constitute crimes if committed by an adult. The trial phase of a juvenile case is an adjudication hearing.(Should juveniles be tried as adults? (n.d.). Retrieved from This means that the judge listens to evidence presented and make the determination on whether the child is delinquent.The courtRead MoreShould Juvenile Be Tried As An Adult? Essay1887 Words   |  8 PagesA Juvenile Delinquent Heinous crimes are committed every day in the United States. Each year thousands of juveniles under the age of 18 are arrested. The debate of â€Å"should a juvenile be tried as an adult† is one of the ages. Many would like to argue against the idea as they believe firmly in rehabilitation. But what happens when the crimes are so violent the family is unable to recognize the victim, or when the juvenile shows no remorse and then goes on to harm others. At what age should one be

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Sex and Violence in Romeo and Juliet Free Essays

â€Å"I fear this but a dream, too sweet to be substantial,† are the soft words uttered from star-crossed lovers caught in the chaotic instability that permeates Franco Zeffirilli’s Romeo and Juliet (1968), Baz Lurman’s Romeo + Juliet (1996), and John Madden’s Shakespear and Love (1998). Although there are significant differences in each movie’s portrayal of Juliet and her Romeo, they accurately depict Freud’s ideas concerning love and human tendencies. In â€Å"The Einstein-Freud Correspondence,† Freud explains that in nature, violence rules everywhere. We will write a custom essay sample on Sex and Violence in Romeo and Juliet or any similar topic only for you Order Now Einstein questions mankind’s lust for destruction and Freud affirms that man has two basic instincts: sex and violence. The constant state of instability and antagonism between humankind in nature makes peace unavoidable. In the case of Romeo and Juliet, love can attempt to rebel against the specter of war, but it is always beaten down. Tragically, Romeo and Juliet’s love is inextricably entwined with the aggression that plagues their feuding families. Both Romeo and Juliet try to fight the hostility with love, but all psychical acts (according to Freud) occur in an atmosphere of constraint, and the tension between one’s impulses, and what society will allow, creates an unavoidable instability. Each movie is an interesting interpretation of Shakespeare’s masterpiece; however, Zeffirilli’s Romeo and Juliet is the best representation of true love and human tendencies. Though extremely witty and entertaining, Madden’s Shakespeare in Love does not represent true love and human nature. One of Madden’s central devices is to create a background of events, large and small, drawn from Will Shakespeare’s daily life. For example, in the opening scenes Madden shows Will strolling through town hearing lines shouted out from town criers such as â€Å"a plague on both your houses! † Moreover, Madden poses Will as at a loss for inspiration. Hence, William gets the foundations of his next play (Romeo and Juliet) from a chance encounter with a rival poet. Madden’s use of time and space is key to the progression of Will’s character. The events in the queen’s quarters, the tensions between the two playhouses, and the auditions for Will’s new play set up the meeting for the beautiful Viola. Madden creates a real narrative outside the realm of the story of Romeo and Juliet which explains how the masterpiece came to be. For example, the battle between two playhouses, The Rose and The Curtain, is transformed into the feud between the two noble houses of Montague and Capulet in imaginary Verona. Another interesting theme is the idea of chaos. In numerous moments it seems all will be lost, but as Henslow says several times when asked how everything will work it, he answers, â€Å"I don’t know, it’s a mystery. † Among the chaos, Will’s love and inspiration for fair Viola is the fuel that keeps the fire burning. In other words, Romeo and Juliet’s modern adapters direct the spectator’s attention to what might have been the inspiration for Shakespeare’s work. Nevertheless, with love, comes violence (as mentioned above). What produces the lovers’ calamity is the depth of their feelings. The truth is, even in a world built on such unfavorable foundations, it should take much more to destroy love. William’s and Viola’s love, on the other hand, is not the best testament to true love. It proves much weaker than the civilization. In the final scenes, the queen decrees Viola leave with her husband. Society succeeds in oppressing their love without resistance. If their love were true, they would fight with every last breath to be together. Lurhman’s Romeo + Juliet, like Madden’s Shakespeare and Love, falls short of true love as well. Unlike Zeffirilli, Lurhman set out with the intention of making a modern day Romeo and Juliet with great success. He plays brilliantly with love in relation to time and nature. He toys with time in the opening gang warfare scene, playing the typical montage introduction of the players through a series of speedy zooms that isolate, in turn, the important characters on screen. His use of color and chaos is perfectly representative of Freud’s ideas concerning constant instability. Not only that, but his choice in music creates dramatic setting. The movie itself has numerous speed-up moments but is slowed down in critical scenes to allow viewers to soak up every bit of information. For example, the fight scene is particularly profound. Tasteful music backs the thunder, clouds, and darkness that envelope the screen as Mercutio dies. It is a perfect example of nature coming in and playing a role in the movie. Lurhman does an amazing job with his timing because he allows the viewer to slow down and soak every drop of the scene. One of the most important misreadings of Romeo + Juliet occurs during Mercutio’s Queen Mab speech. Normally interpreted as the drunken improvisation of a jesting wit in relation to dreams, here Mercutio is speaking about the drug ecstasy. Playing to modern times, Lurhman has Romeo take the ecstasy before heading to the Capulet ball. The meeting scene between Romeo and Juliet is thus overshadowed by the fact that Romeo has just taken a drug that inspires enormous amounts of pleasure. Consequently, the implication is that the relationship is founded on artificial feelings. One could argue that Romeo washes away the effects of the drugs in the sink prior to the Juliet-aquarium meeting, but ecstasy does not wear off that easily. True, the rest of the movie holds fast to the love tragedy that is Romeo and Juliet, but the drug-induced meeting is questionable in terms of true love. Finally, Zeffirilli’s old Romeo and Juliet is the best example of true love and human nature. Not to mention the style, dialogue, setting, costumes, and music in Zeffirilli’s version are closely related to the themes and feel of Shakespeare’s famous play. From the opening scenes, the viewer is taken into the old world and shown the incredible violence and resentment between the two houses. Within the first ten minutes, the viewers are given a picture of the impermeable violence similar to that which Einstein wished to stop in his correspondence with Freud. Perhaps love could settle the inherent violence that permeates human nature? In the case of Romeo and Juliet, there love cannot, but it is pure and true. The meeting scene between the lovers is one of absolute beauty. Romeo’s playful pursuit of Juliet is simple, yet elegant. The scene commences at the beginning of a serene song by a boy (incredible choice by Zeffirilli) leading up to the first act of aggression: Romeo’s hand touching Juliet’s. Although their love is forbidden by their family names, it continues to grow. Unfortunately, their time and space is limited and the constraint on their bond is too great. Their suffering is due to the fact that they do not understand what love can accomplish. Instead of uniting the families, they cause a fresh slice in an already open wound. However, the reason they never progress and mature in their love is because of the tragedies of civilization and the violence inherent in it (as mentioned above). Hatred among men rages without restraint, and for Romeo, it causes him to kill Tybalt, a newly made family member. Censored wishes of the â€Å"Id† arise up and transform Romeo when he says, â€Å"Take back the villain that thou gavest me, for fire, fury be my conduct now! † The exile and eventual plot to unite the forbidden lovers is thwarted again by time and space. Zeffirilli’s final scenes are wet with tragedy as Romeo passes the donkey on horseback, which has the letter explaining the father’s plan. Finally, Romeo is unable to live without his Juliet because his love for her is something more. She is a part of him and without her; he has no reason to continue breathing. The sum of one lover’s bliss is reliant on the life of his love. If he or she is dead and their love is true, then the lover has no choice but death. Both Einstein and Freud would agree that the Montagues and Capulets (in Zeffirilli’s and Lurman’s masterpieces) represent civilization and human kind’s natural form of aggressiveness. Juliet remarks after the potent â€Å"love-at-first-sight† scene in Romeo and Juliet, â€Å"my only love sprung from my only hate. † The brilliance of the two lovers’ story is the ancient hatred between their families. Conversely, the tragedy of them is that love connects the characters no more to happiness than it does to sorrow, turmoil and murder. Unfortunately, the two young lovers live under the illusion of physical freedom from the duties and constraints of their families/civilization. The hatred between the Montagues and Capulets is deep-rooted and rages on without restraint (much like society today). Romeo and Juliet’s love is eloquent and passionate but without solidity. It cannot hope to combat the aggression plaguing them. Freud states, â€Å"love is†¦best understood clinically as a response to stimuli† (Freud, 524). The issue is that the stimuli are too short lived. However, what is true love? It is the perpetual question that echoes through the corridors of time with answers always varying. Yet love has a correspondence with time. The way it begins, takes shape, and changes is relative to time and space. In each of the movies, the time and space of Romeo and Juliet’s love is portrayed in the background as apposed to the foreground. The visuals, music, and emotion strike at the subconscious, leaving the viewer in awe. Madden, Lurhman, and Zeffirilli create masterpieces that people desire and want to see. In conclusion, Freud would argue the lovers must understand that human consciousness exists in perpetual tension and instability. Not only that, but true love offers complete happiness to the lovers. In his lectures, Freud gives a poem from Goeth’s Westostlicher Diwan as an example of real love: So it is held, so well may be; But down a different track I come; Of all the bliss on earth hold for me I in Zuleika find the sum (Freud, 520). The lovers find the sum of all bliss in each other if their love is true. However, the power and sum of their love does not mean it can combat the nature of violence and society. Each film, respectively, depicts Freud’s ideas on true love and human nature. Though, human nature can be redefined as violence and aggression. Freedom is limited in each one of the Shakespearean films because the tension between one’s impulses and what society will allow creates an inevitable instability. Both Einstein and Freud would agree that try as the fiery lovers might, nature and violence of the instilled houses of Verona will stop there love from flourishing into something greater. How to cite Sex and Violence in Romeo and Juliet, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Comparing Different Ethnic Backgrounds †

Question: Discuss about the Comparing International Students From Three Very Different Ethnic Backgrounds What Most Influences? Answer: Aim of the Report The following literature review aims to compare the students belonging to the different ethnic backgrounds mainly from the Indian, Pakistani and the Vietnamese backgrounds and the factors that influence the decisions of the students regarding their choice of the course of study. Objectives of the Report The objective of the following literature review is to identify influences of the various factors on the following topics To select the proper educational destination as Australia To select the course to be studied in Australia To properly support the facts that is necessary to achieve the required success in the concerned field of the study To properly maintain the motivation that is required to gain success in the concerned field of knowledge and the reason for the maintenance of that motivation Industry Benefits The Australian education industry seems to be highly benefitting from the students who come in from the developing countries like India, Pakistan and Vietnam. There is noticed a huge increase in the revenue that is generated in the country due to the increase in the number of the students of foreign origin in the country. Australia has been turning into an education hub in the recent times with a number of students foreign to the land being interested in the courses of study that are being offered by the universities of Australia. The objective of this literature review is to study the main factors that influence the decisions of the students on the factors regarding the selection of the destination and the topic of the study for pursuing their education abroad. The literature review also sheds light on the support that is needed to achieve the needed success in the selected course of study and the maintenance of the motivation that is needed to achieve in the selected subject matter that is to be studied and the reasons that makes it necessary for the maintenance of that motivation. A considerable amount of studies has been conducted on the educational backgrounds of the students in Australia who have been pursuing their higher studies (Devlin, 2013). Smit (2012) argues that there has been a tendency to look down upon the earlier experiences in the field of education in a manner that demonstrates them to be in a deficit framework. According to Hawthorne (2014), India has been one of the one of the top ten countries which act as the sources of GSM in Australia. The number of Indian students that have migrated to Australia for educational purposes have been considerably high. According to the 2006 Census, there have been 49, 106 students of Indian origin who had migrated to the Australian shores for the purpose of education and employment. The Australian government had brought about changes in its programs that were related to the migration of the skilled personnel to Australia. A review revealed that the revenue generated by the enrolment of the foreign students helped the generation of the overall revenue of the country to grow up to $A18 billion every year. The Australian Government Education market has often described India as one of the major sources of the international students who have accounted for almost 11,684 students. The students of the Pakistani nationality account for 3762 student enrolments (Catterall, Aitchison and Rolls 2016). According to the report of the Australian embassy situated in Vietnam, Australia tops the list of the preferred country for pursuing the higher education among the Vietnamese population. Australia is known to provide a higher quality of education at all levels starting from the school level to the levels of higher education as well as the short term courses ( 2017). It is often argued that the homogeneity of pedagogy and the curricula owe a lot to the contribution of the neoliberal discourses of managerialism, uniformity and accountability (Neoh 2017).It may also, however, be opined that the differences in the perceptions of the students who belong to various cultural backgrounds may help to bring about a curriculum that may be more inclusive, internationalized and differentiated (Song 2014). The international students are treated to be a part of the same homogeneous group who are differentiated on the basis of the language that they speak. The international students are also differentiated on the basis of their academic performance as compared to the students who converse in the western academic style of speaking of the English Language. According to Marginson (2015), the higher education institutions that are constrained financially depend heavily on the international student market to boost their financial viabilities. The students who are ad mitted to these colleges are likely to get acquainted with the aspects of the disciplinary and the academic cultures of the Occident (Floyd 2015; Benzie 2015). The students belonging to the other countries except Australia need to have more than just the knowledge of the linguistic barriers that exist between them and their native peers (Wingate and Tribble 2012). Zevallos (2012) argues that the Australian universities depend upon the international students, who are enrolled to the courses offered by the concerned universities, for their procurement of revenue but fail to address the special learning needs of these students. Thus these students find it difficult to secure a job for themselves in their respective fields of study after graduating from these educational institutions. According to Dao and Thorpe (2015), the major factors that influence the decisions of the students on the choice of the international universities include the services and the facilities that are offered by the concerned university, the programs offered, the information regarding the concerned institution that is available in both the online and the offline mode of information and other such factors. According to Pham and Tran (2015), the intercultural interaction between the students plays a very important role in the wellbeing and the learning of the international students in the country where the chosen educational institution is situated. According to De Wit (2015), it has been a recent trend among the Australian educational institutes to introduce the out of the sate fee structure for the international students on the campus. The international students who have been faring well in their academic careers are also being offered employment in the host country thereby resulting in a brain drain of the country to which the international students belong. The international students do evolve their identities based on the social network circles in which they do operate thereby helping them to improve the identity that they had inherited from their own culture (Pham and Saltmarsh 2013). References Title of the Article Author name Year Source of the reference with Page numbers Third space strategists: International students negotiating the transition from Pathway program to postgraduate coursework degree. Benzie, H. 2015 International Education Journal: Comparative Perspectives, 14(3), pp.17-31. Disconnected pedagogies: Experiences of international students in higher education. Catterall, J., Aitchison, C. and Rolls, N. 2016 Journal of Academic Language and Learning,10(2), pp.A70-A79. What factors influence Vietnamese students choice of university? Dao, M.T.N. and Thorpe, A. 2015 International Journal of Educational Management,29(5), pp.666-681. Recent trends and issues in international student mobility De Wit, H. 2015 International Higher Education, (59). Bridging socio-cultural incongruity: Conceptualising the success of students from low socio-economic status backgrounds in Australian higher education. Devlin, M. 2013 Studies in Higher Education,38(6), pp.939-949 Closing the gap: International student pathways, academic performance and academic acculturation. Floyd, C.B. 2015 Journal of Academic Language and Learning,9(2), pp.A1-A18. Indian students and the evolution of the study?migration pathway in Australia. Hawthorne, L. 2014 International Migration,52(2), pp.3-19. Is Australia overdependent on international students? Marginson, S. 2015 International Higher Education, (54). Neoliberal education? Comparing Character and Citizenship Education in Singapore and Civics and Citizenship Education in Australia. Neoh, J.Y. 2017 JSSE-Journal of Social Science Education,16(3). International students identities in a globalized world: Narratives from Vietnam. Pham, L. and Saltmarsh, D. 2013 .Journal of Research in International Education,12(2), pp.129-141. Understanding the symbolic capital of intercultural interactions: A case study of international students in Australia. Pham, L. and Tran, L. 2015 International Studies in Sociology of Education,25(3), pp.204-224. Towards a clearer understanding of student disadvantage in higher education: Problematising deficit thinking. Smit, R. 2012 Higher Education Research Development,31(3), pp.369-380. Changing social relations in higher education: the first year international student and the Chinese learner in Australia. Song, X. 2014 Universities in transition: Foregrounding social contexts of knowledge in the first year experience, pp.127-156. Study in Australia. [online] 2017 Available at: [Accessed 29 Nov. 2017]. The best of both worlds? Towards an English for Academic Purposes/Academic Literacies writing pedagogy. Wingate, U. and Tribble, C. 2012 Studies in Higher Education,37(4), pp.481-495. Context and outcomes of intercultural education amongst international students in Australia. Zevallos, Z. 2012 Intercultural Education,23(1), pp.41-49.